dictionary page with definition of lying.

Terms and Definitions

This page provides a list of terminologies and definitions that are associated with ADHD, or related to a post here at This Is ADHD. The purpose of this page is to provide an easy and quick reference to these ideas so that you, the reader, won’t have to go far to complete your thought.

How Do I Use This Page?

It’s easy. Everything is listed in alphabetical order for those times that you know what word you are looking for. You can also do a search on the page by pressing CTRL + F on your keyboard, or by using the search box in the top navigation of the website. If you’d like to suggest a term or definition for this page send a message to our team.


Delayed Gratification
Delayed gratification is the ability to resist the temptation of an immediate reward in preference for a better reward at a later time.

Dopamine
Dopamine is a neurotransmitter in the brain that plays an important role in the brain, especially for those with ADHD. Dopamine is a major motivational component of the brain’s reward system.

Executive Function
Executive functions (collectively referred to as executive function and cognitive control) are a set of cognitive processes that are necessary for the cognitive control of behavior: selecting and successfully monitoring behaviors that facilitate the attainment of chosen goals. Executive functions include basic cognitive processes such as attentional control, cognitive inhibition, inhibitory control, working memory, and cognitive flexibility. Higher-order executive functions require the simultaneous use of multiple basic executive functions and include planning and fluid intelligence (e.g., reasoning and problem-solving).1

Executive Dysfunction
See Executive Function

Pathophysiology
Pathophysiology is the study of the disordered physiological processes that cause, result from, or are otherwise associated with a disease or injury.

Prefrontal Cortex
The prefrontal cortex is the front lobe of your brain. The prefrontal cortex helps with executive functions, such as planning, short-term memory and decision-making. Attention, speech production and language are always effected by this part of the brain.2

1 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Executive_functions
2 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prefrontal_cortex
3 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pathophysiology